Dear Friends,

Now a days I have been getting regular queries about recognition of M.Phil and Ph.D degrees offered by various universities and in this, the greedy private and deemed universities (maximum but not all) are front runners. People need to be aware that all degrees do not stand as valid and recognized even if it is from a UGC approved university.

I have seen two type of people
1. Who do not know anything about research and even do not know basic concept of research methodology but they want a Ph.D degree for the namesake, just for promotion and they want to get it by paying money. They do not want to do hard work, they do not want to do real, empirical research and do not want to add value to the nation through a required research. Such people are employed in 99% of our education system called colleges and universities. Such people become guide for future similar kind of Ph.D students and then we see that despite of being no.2 in population and with more than 700 universities including top class IIMs, IITs, JNTU, NITs, BITS we could not fetch more than 3 Noble prize. Whoever won, most of them were people of India origin.
2. Those who are interested to do research, some empirical research for pure interest and to earn a Ph.D degree honestly. They are hardly 1% of total population.

Let me cite one example:
One such person asked me on my blog about Ph.D from such a degree scamster private university and I advised him not to pursue but he was so desperate to do it from that institutes, he asked same question again and again. It was showing the attitude of the people- the degree buying attitude. They want a tag called Ph.D.

I do not want to extend this argument and would like to come to the main points.

How an institute can award M.Phil. and Ph.D degree in India or Which M.Phil and Ph.D degrees are valid in India?
Well, UGC is the highest authority to control higher education in India alongwith other statutory bodies like AICTE, MCI, PCI, NCTE etc. For details please refer:

UGC defines and issue guideline on minimum criteria on offering degree
please refer

UGC has issued a circular on March 2011 through reference no F 1-1/ 2002 (PS) exemp. part file III and same published in the official Gazette of India. The notification is called as

UGC (Minimum standards and procedures for awards of M.Phil/ Ph.D degree) , regulation, 2009

To access the full regulation, please click on following link

For higher studies, for appointment (alongwith respective statutory body’s separate requirement) all the M.Phil and Ph.D degree must be awarded in accordance with this regulation. If any university awards M.Phil or Ph.D degree by the way other than this regulation, in such case such M.Phil and Ph.D degrees are non recognized and stands invalid.

This regulation is apply to all central universities, state universities, deemed universities, private universities and colleges offering Ph.D and M.Phil degree affiliated to any university.

If we go through the regulation carefully, admission in M.Phil and Ph.D can be possible only after fulfilling following criteria:
1. The minimum qualification should be a masters degree with minimum 55% for general category and 50% for SC/ ST category.
2. The university/ institute/ college has to pre-determine no. of Ph.D seats available, then need to publish an advertisement for M.Phil/ Ph.D entrance notifying no. of seats available, date of entrance etc.. The no. of seats available must be decided on the basis of overall infrastructure including research guide available. A university/ institute cannot admit more than the predetermined seats for M.Phil and Ph. D.
3. Entrance exam is mandatory for M.Phil and Ph.D admission only following people are exempted from entrance test:
1. Those who are M.Phil holder as per this regulation.
2. Those who have qualified NET/ JRF and GATE

It is compulsory for rest all students to appear for entrance examination conducted by that particular institutes only.

Concerned university/ colleges have to send a report to UGC mentioning how many M.Phil and Ph.D seats they have. They cannot take more students mentioned than this and once admission process completed, within 15 days they have to send report to UGC mentioning name of the students and area of research. At the time of admission, the concerned university/ institute also have to take research proposal from students and carefully scrutinise it, interview it and make it part of the Ph.D selection process.

Ph. D/ M.Phil cannot be offered in distance/ external and off campus mode. It has to be a full time mode only. Only few institute offers the facility where a student can complete the research work in the organisation where they are working and where proper infrastructure for their research area is available (This is sometime called external Ph.D but it is strictly followed). However, they have to regularly visit the university and discuss about research with their guide. They may even need to attend lectures for initial 2 semesters.

IIT strictly follow this rule and system and even for external Ph.D students, it is mandatory to spend 2 semester in the campus, full time to learn various research tools and interact with the faculty. So, if somebody is in government job including teachers and lecturers, they can easily get his leave sanctioned in the name of “study leave” however for people from private sector it may or may not be possible to take break of 1 year. I suggest UGC as well as these universities can make it little flexible by increasing the duration of the Ph.D programme and allowing people to attend campus on weekends and on holidays. Everybody cannot leave the job and there are many corporate executives who can blend their corporate experience into research and produce a practical research outcome which will help the academia and industries. These people do not need Ph.D tag to save the job but they really want to contribute in the research field.

M.Phil/ Ph.D degree from private universities and deemed universities
As I said above, this regulation applies to private and deemed universities too. Alongwith this, following conditions also apply to research degree as well as other degrees from private and deemed universities:

1. Private and deemed universities cannot affiliate any college.
2. Private and deemed universities cannot start any off campus programme including Ph.D and M.Phil without prior approval of UGC
3. Private and deemed universities qualification through study centre, agencies, franchisee including off campus learning, industry collaborative learning , industry integrated learning, distance learning, online learnings are non recognized and invalid.

Safe private and deemed universities in India
In India, I consider only following private universities are safe for pursuing M.Phil and Ph.D degree. Rest most of them are in big degree scam, they even do not have mechanism to check authenticity of the research work carried. They just take money and award whatever degree you want.

1. BITS Pilani
2. Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi
3. VIT, Vellore
4. Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology, Gujarat
5. Nirma University of Science & Technology, Gujarat
6. Pandit Deendayal petroleum University, Gujarat
7. O.P. Jindal Global University, Haryana
8. Azim Premji University, Bangalore
9. NIMS University, Rajasthan
10. Amity University, Noida (Only Noida campus)
11. Shiv Nadar University, UP
12. Dev Sanskriti Vishwavidyalaya, Haridwar
13. University of Patanjali, Haridwar
14. University of PEtroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun (only full time Ph.Ds)
15. Rashtriya Sansrkit Vidyapeeth, Tirupati
16. Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan, New Delhi
17. Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Prasanthi Nilayam
18. North Eastern Regional Institute of Science & Technology, Arunachal Pradesh
19. Gujarat Vidyapith, Ahmedabad
20. National Institute of Food Technology, Entrepreneurship & Management (NIFTEM), Haryana
21. National Brain Research Centre, Haryana
22. National Dairy Research Institute, Haryana
23. Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad
24. Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
25. Ommitted, the name appeared by mistake. 
26. International Institute of Information Technology, Bangalore
27. Jawahar lal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore
28. National Institute of Mental Health & Neuro Sciences, Bangalore
29. Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram
30. Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management, Gwalior
31. Lakshmibai National Institute of Physical Education, Gwalior
32. Pandit Dwarka Prasad Mishra Indian Institute of Information Technology, Jabalpur
33. Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Mumbai
34. Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Nagpur
35. Deccan College Postgraduate & Research Institute, Pune
36. Gokhale Institute of Politics & Economics, Pune
37. Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai
38. Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai
39. Instituteof Armamrnt Technology, Pune
40. International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai
41. Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai
42. Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai
43. SYMBIOSIS International University, Pune
44. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai
45. Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai
46. Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, Longowal, Punjab
47. Thopar Institute of Engineering & Technology, Patiala, Punjab
48. Banasthali Vidyapith, Rajasthan
49. Jain Vishva Bharati Institute, Rajasthan
50. Chennai Mathematical Institute, Chennai
51. Gandhiigram Rural Institute, Dindigul
52. Meenakshi Academy of Higher Education and Research (MAHER) University, Chennai
53. Academy of Maritime Education and Training (Maritime Univrsity), Chennai
54. Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science & Higher Education for Women, Coimbatore
55. Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore
56. Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore
57. Shanmugha Arts Science Technology & Research Academy (SASTRA), Thanjavur
58. Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies, Varanasi, UP
59. Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra
60. Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad
61. Indian Veterinary Research Institute, UP
62. Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, Noida
63. Bharti Vidyapeeth, Pune
64. D Y Patil deemed University,Pune
65. Gurukul Kangri Vishwavidyalaya, Haridwar
66. Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda Educational and Research Institute, West Bengal
67. Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Delhi
68. Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi
69. National Museum Institute of History of Arts, Conservation and Musicology, New Delhi
70. School of Planning & Architecture, New Delhi
71. Indain Institute of Foreigen Trade, New Delhi
72. National University of Educational Planning & Administration, New Delhi
73. Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapith, New Delhi
74. TERI School of Advanced studies, New Delhi
75. Punjab Engineering College, Chandigarh

Apart from above, following are very reputed institutes deemed to be a university who are offering Ph.Ds

National Institute of Technology, Agartala
Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad
Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal
National Institute of Technology, Calicut
National Institute of Technology, Durgapur
National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur
Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur
National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar
National Institute of Technology, Jamshedpur
National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra
Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur
National Institute of Technology, Patna
National Institute of Technology, Raipur
National Institute of Technology, Rourkela
National Institute of Technology, Silchar
National Institute of Technology, Srinagar
S V National Institute of Technology, Surat
National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Surathkal
National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirapalli
National Institute of Technology, Warangal
National Institute of Technology, Arunachal Pradesh (Yupia)
National Institute of Technology Sikkim
National Institute of Technology, Goa
National Institute of Technology, Meghalaya
National Institute of Technology, Nagaland
National Institute of Technology, Manipur
National Institute of Technology Mizoram
National Institute of Technology Uttarakhand
National Institute of Technology, Delhi
National Institute of Technology, Puducherry


IIT Bhubaneswar
IIT Bombay
IIT Delhi
IIT Gandhinagar
IIT Guwahati
IIT Hyderabad
IIT Indore
IIT Jodhpur
IIT Kanpur
IIT Kharagpur
IIT Madras
IIT Mandi
IIT Patna
IIT Roorkee
IIT Ropar
IIT (BHU) Varanasi


Indian Institute of Management Calcutta
Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad
Indian Institute of Management Bangalore
Indian Institute of Management Lucknow
Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode
Indian Institute of Management Indore
Indian Institute of Management Shillong
Indian Institute of Management Rohtak
Indian Institute of Management Ranchi
Indian Institute of Management Raipur
Indian Institute of Management Tiruchirappalli
Indian Institute of Management Udaipur
Indian Institute of Management Kashipur

NITIE, Mumbai

XLRI Jamshedpur

If we see list above, there are almost 135 private and deemed universities and institute of national importance offering Ph.D programme so we can pursue course of our choices from these institutes then why do we need to run behind these degree sellers institute and ruin our time, money and future.

Institutes involved in Ph.D degree scams (Private and deemed universities)
I strongly recommend people to avoid these universities
Swami Vivekanand Uiversity, MP
Punjab Technical University (PTU)
Sikkim Manipal University 
Karnataka State Open University (KSOU)
Shobhit University
CMJ University
Mahatma Gandhi University Shillong
Jaipur National University
Jodhpur National University
Manav Bharti University
Assam Downtown University
Assam Don Bosco University
Rai University
CV Raman University
Singhania University
Kalinga University
Vinayaka Mission University

Following are the list of deemed university who have been de-recognized by UGC (a big degree scam as same as private university degree scam in India). Now the matter is in Supreme court and the the honourable court has granted stay on the same. Students must avoid these universities

Here’s the list of universities,
1. Academy of Maritime Education and Training, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
2. Bharath Institute of Higher Education 
3. BLDE University, Bijapur, Karnataka
4. Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Padur, Tamil Nadu
5. Christ College, Bangalore, Karnataka
6. D.Y. Patil Medical College, Kolhapur, Maharashtra
7. Dr MGR Educational and Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
8. Graphic Era University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand
9. Gurukul Kangri Vishwavidyalaya, Hardwar, Uttarakhand
10. HIHT University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand
11. Inst. of Advanced Studies in Education of Gandhi Vidya Mandir,Sardarshahr, Rajasthan
12. Jain University, Bangalore, Karnataka
13. Janardhan Rai Nagar Rajasthan Vidyapeeth, Udaipur, Rajasthan
14. Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, Noida, Uttar Pradesh
15. Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education, Virudhunagar, Tamil Nadu
16. Karpagam Academy of Higher Educatioin, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
17. Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Satara, Maharashtra
18. Lingaya’s University, Faridabad, Haryana
19. Maharishi Matkandeshwar University, Ambala, Haryana
20. Manav Rachna International University, Faridabad, Haryana
21. Meenakshi Academy of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
22. Mody Institute of Technology and Science, Sikar, Rajasthan
23. National Museum Institute of the History of Art, Conservation and Museology, Delhi
24. Nava Nalanda, Nalanda, Bihar
25. Nehru Gram Bharati Vishwavidyalaya, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
26. Noorul Islam Centre for Higher Education, Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu
27. Periyar Maniammai Institute of Science and Technology, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu
28. Ponnaiyah Ramajayam Institute of Science and Technology, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu
29. Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development, Sriperumbudur, Tamilnadu
30. Santosh University, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh
31. Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
32. Shobit Institute of Engineering and Technology, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh
33. Siksha Anusandhan, Bhubaneswar, Orissa
34. Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, Puducherry
35. Sri Devraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research, Kolar, Karnataka
36. Sri Siddhartha Academy of Higher education, Tumkur, Karnataka
37. St Peter’s Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
38. Sumandeep Vidyapeeth, Vadodara, Gujarat
39. Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra
40. Vel Tech Rangarajan Dr Sagunthala R&
41. Vel’s Institute of Science, Technology and Advanced studies (VISTAS), Chennai, Tamil Nadu
42. Vignan’s Foundation for Science Technology and Research, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh
43. Vinayaka Mission’s Research Foundation, Salem, Tamil Nadu
44. Yenepoya University, Mangalore, Karnataka

I hope this blogpost gives you enough clarity and you will be able to understand. This blogpost is also answer to those people who think I am an anti private university and spreading the propoganda. It is not true at all. If you see above, I have recommended many private universities too.

Please revert for any query.