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BPSC To Appoint 3000 Lecturers

The Bihar government has decided to fill the ever growing vacancies of faculty in its eight universities through Bihar Public Service Commission (BPSC). There has been no appointment of teachers for over nine years. At present there are 3395 vacancies in the universities which are causing great handicaps in carrying out the academic activities.

To facilitate the appointments, an amendment in the Bihar State Universities Act will be affected to pave the way for the appointment through BPSC. The education department has already prepared the draft which is to be sent to the cabinet for approval.

The universities having large vacancies are Magadh University (650), BRA Bihar University (600), L N Mithila University (550), Tilka Manjhi University (425), J P University (380), Veer Kuer Singh University (360), B N Mandal University (230) and Patna University (200).

Earlier an amendment bill had been introduced which had proposed constitution of a University Commission but it was turned down governor Devanand Konwar, who is also chancellor of the state universities, saying it was a finance bill. After that the government decided to go for new appointments through the BPSC. “We hope to make the appointments before the start of next academic session in 2013,” said education department principal secretary Amarjeet Sinha. The proposal after the approval of education minister P K Shahi has been referred to the law department.

Welcoming the government move former chief secretary and ex vice chancellor of Nalanda Open University V S Dubey said this system of appointment of university teachers through public service commission is in place. “I had recommended this system in 2006,” said Dubey who had been made chairman of reforms commission.

Another ex VC and retired IAS officer I C Kumar said this will be a right decision and redcalled that earlier also college and university teachers were being appointed through BPSC. “The appointments made by the BPSC will end the controversy,” he added.

before getting 498a and DV cases on you

Visit http://saveindianfamily.org/
Join www.facebook.com/groups/498aIPC/
  https://www.facebook.com/SIFFNGO
Register your Details Provide your details – important for Research
READ 1. SIF-Book: How to Get Peace, when marriage is on rocks, available at https://www.facebook.com/groups/498aIPC/444002582299099/
  2. MRA’s blogs: – Virag Dhulia, Jinesh Zaveri, http://terminatorak.wordpress.com/
  3. YouTube: TV Interviews of MRAs
  4. Books: Myth of Male Power; Secrets of Manhood by Virag.
Know your Guides Rukma Chary +919535109509
  Anil Kumar +91 9845143724
  And also SIFF helpline of other cities where cases are filed.
DOs 1. Be a Men’s Rights Activists – Fight For YOUR rights every second.
  2. Don’t FIGHT against the SYSTEM- ENGAGE with the System
  3. Fight an Extremely Defensive Battle initially.
  4. The battle is 90% Mind game and 10% Legal.
  5. Fight a battle of Attrition, not a battle of Escalation.
  6. Don’t REACT, Be PATIENT, Just RESPOND.
  7. Protect important documents and evidence first.
  8. Take control of your cases, Don’t leave everything to the Lawyer
  9. Live life at a time – Plan for 15 days.
  10. Find and help your Buddies, do blogging. Write letters/comments to media.
  11. Be regular to the meetings.
  12. Participate in Letter Campaigns.
  13. Attend and contribute to DHARNAS
DON’Ts 1. Don’t expect easy/quick/safe exit from marital problems.
  2. Don’t expect MAGIC to happen.
  3. Don’t apply divorce.
  4. Don’t have high EXPECTATIONS from judiciary, police & lawyers.
  5. Don’t blind believe Lawyers & Police.
  6. Do not quit your Job.
Important Dates 1. Your Birthday –Share & celebrate with us.
  2. International Men’s Day – 19th November.
  3. Father’s Day – Third Sunday of every June.
  4. Children’s Day – 14th Nov.
Beware and understand Bail, DV Act, 2005, 498a IPC, CrPC 125, IrBM, CrPC 41B, CrPC 488, 375 IPC, HMA 24,

JUDGEMENTS on Divorce, Alimony and 498a

1.  MUMBAI HIGH COURT  :  Dated 4 Feb 2005

Maintenance not granted as it is proved that wife wants to reside separately.

2.  MUMBAI HIGH COURT  : Dated Apr 2008.

Maintenance not granted as it is proved no reason to leave husbands.

3.  CHENNAI HIGH COURT  : Dated 21 June 2002

Maintenance Denied

4.  CHENNAI HIGH COURT  : Dated 21 Feb 2003

No Maintenance For Working Women

5.  MADHYA PRADESH HIGH COURT : Dated 24 March 2000

No Interim/Maintenance for Capable, Working Women

6. DELHI HIGH COURT  : Dated 28 July 2008

She was earning and she had not come to the Court with clean hands.

7. MADRAS HIGH COURT : Dated 22 Feb 2008

Wife Troubled -No Maintenance

8. SUPREME COURT  : Dated 23 March, 2009

SC Judgement on HMA24 – Wife working no maintenance

9. HIGH COURT OF P & H

Maintenance awarded in two sections to be offset

10. HIGH COURT OF ALLAHABAD

Old Parents, Maintenance reduced.

11. MUMBAI HIGH COURT: Dated 22 February, 2008

Perjury in 125 crPc

12. MADHYA PRADESH HIGH COURT: Madhuri Bai vs Minor Surendra Kumar And Anr. on 24 April, 1998

Child can claim maintenance u/s 125 from mother

13. MADRAS HIGH COURT: S.Chandra vs C.V.Sridharan on 21 February 2007

Claim alimony within 6 Months of Divorce

14. DELHI HIGH COURT: Sanjay Bhardwaj & Ors. vs The State & Anr. on 27 August, 2010

Unemployed man can not be forced to pay Maintenance

15. SUPREME COURT OF INDIA: Ines Miranda vs Santosh K Swamy dated 14 december 2010

TRANSFER PETITION – Payment to Husband

16. MUMBAI HIGH COURT : Dated  17 July, 1991

Same relief (maintenance)cannot be asked twice in two different courts 

17. DELHI COURT : METROPOLITAN MAGISTRATE, NEW DELHI

Vexatious petition, maintenance,relief is declined 

18. BOMBAY HIGH COURT :  Dated 14 March 2011

Perjury Judgement : Rigorous imprisonment for False Case

19. ADDITIONAL SESSIONS JUDGE (CENTRAL)TIS HAZARI COURTS, DELHI: Dated  15 April 2011

Maintenance claim based on Affidavit dismissed

20. PUNJAB – HARYANA HIGH COURT: Dated  17 February 2011

Maintenance claim based on Affidavit dismissed

21. DELHI HIGH COURT

Husband Property Not Counted in Maintenance

22.  HIGH COURT OF P & H :  Dated 28 July 1961

Maintenance not based on Arthmetic Calculation

23. DELHI HIGH COURT  : Dated 1 September, 2010

Claim of high status of husband not sufficient for interim maintenance

24.  DELHI HIGH COURT  : Dated 30 August, 2010

Multiple Maintenance petitions are not allowed

25. SUPREME COURT OF INDIA : Dated 20 July, 2010

Reduced Intrim Maintenance

26.  SUPREME COURT OF INDIA : Dated  11 June, 1993

No Maintenance

27. MUMBAI HIGH COURT :  Dated  18 July, 2009

No Maintenance to Wife if RCR By Husband Suicceed

28. MUMBAI HIGH COURT

Permanent Alimoney Cancelled.

29. MUMBAI HIGH COURRT: Dated 2010

Income Tax and Maintenance

 

30. MUMBAI HIGH COURRT: Dated 18 November 2010

Income tax returns cannt decide Maintenance 

31. MADHYA PRADESH HIGH COURT: Dated 29 August 1991

Challenging the rejected interim maintenance 

32. PUNJAB HARYANA HIGH COURT: Dated 25 January, 2010

False affidavit, perjury procedure in 24 HMA 

33. DELHI HIGH COURT  : Dated 7 September 2006

Divorce withdrawn – Maintance to be paid

34. DELHI HIGH COURT: Dated 16 November 2004

Father In Law not responsible for Residence

35. KARNATAKA HIGH COURT: Dated 22 September, 1992

Women to Prove ligitimacy of child for maintenance

36. CENTRAL INFORMATION COMMISSION

Bank Account Details and confidentiality 

37. BOMBAY HIGH COURT: Dated  15 September, 2004

Return of Stridhan,Alimony and Hidding Past

 

38. GAUHATI HIGH COURT: Dated  23 April, 2004

Guardianship within 2 Months 

39. DELHI HIGH COURT : Dated  9 March, 2010

Fine for Delaying tactics by Lawyer 

40. CENTRAL INFORMATION COMMISSION

Central Information Commission – CIC Order in Passport Details

41. UTTARANCHAL HIGH COURT : Dated25 October 2010

No Maintenance u/s125Crpc for working Women

42. UTTARANCHAL HIGH COURT :  Dated  18November,2009

No Maintenance u/s Crpc 125 if wife deserts husband

43. DELHI HIGH COURT: Dated  22 September, 2010

Maintenance formula evolved by judges for wife and child – PWDVA

44. MADRAS HIGH COURT: Dated  20 November 2006

Mother is not always right person for custody

45. SUPREME COURT: Dated 2 March 2001

Rules for Child Custody

46. SUPREME COURT: Dated  23 March 2004

Illegitimacy of child is not with Family court

47. DELHI HIGH COURT: Dated  10 September 2008

No maintenance to Capable wife

48. MADRAS HIGH COURT: Dated  4 November 2006

Husband has to prove his Earning

49. SUPREME COURT OF INDIA: Dated  5 June 2007

Section 125 Cr.P.C.Proceedings under are civil in nature.

50. SUPREME COURT OF INDIA : Dated  15 December, 2006

Wife has no Right on Monther in Law’s Property 

51. KERALA HIGH COURT : Dated 10 December, 2010

Kerla HC accepts the easy misuse of DV

52. SUPREME COURT OF INDIA: Dated  9 November, 2010

Double jeopardy applies to same offence, not same facts

53. DELHI HIGH COURT : Dated  29 July, 2010

Family members of NRI husband cannot be accused in DV case 

54. DELHI HIGH COURT : Dated  18 September, 2008

No maintenance to earning spouse 

55. MADRAS HIGH COURT : Dated  10 January, 2003

Alimony can be granted even to an erring spouse 

56.PUNJAB-HARYANA HIGH COURT : Dated  23 September, 2009

False case and Damage

 

57. ROHINI COURT – DELHI

False Dv and Women Failed to Prove it

58. ADDL. SESSIONS JUDGE NEW DELHI

Domestic Violence to be Proved

59. CENTRAL INFORMATION COMMISSION

3rd Party Passport Details are Allowed

60. SUPREME COURT OF INDIA : Dated  4 November, 1997

Habeas Corpus for Custody and Visitation

61. DELHI HIGH COURT : Dated  25 October, 2010

Petitioner must claim she is unable to maintain herself for relief of maintenance 

62. ALLAHABAD HIGH COURT : Dated  25 March, 1976

Petitioner must claim she is unable to maintain herself for relief of maintenance 

63. KARNATAKA HIGH COURT : Dated 13 February, 1980

She should prove that she is unable to maintain herself in addition to the facts that her husband has sufficient means

to maintain her and that he has neglected to maintain her 

64. KARNATAKA HIGH COURT : Dated  22 August, 2005

No maintenance for earning wife

65. DISTRICT COURT , SAKET, DELHI : Dated  18 Nov 2010

Employable wife not entitled to maintenance.

66. DISTRICT COURT , SAKET, DELHI : Dated 24 March 2008

An NRI wins an interim maintenance case

67. FAMILY COURT , HYDERABAD

Hyderabad Family court, unclean hands, no maintenance 

68. DELHI HIGH COURT: Dated  17 April 2007

Conditions when maintenance to be paid

 

69. SUPREME COURT OF INDIA : Dated  11 January, 2011

All State Amendments in Sec. 125 are invalid 

70. SUPREME COURT OF INDIA : Dated 17 February, 2006

Habeas Corpus for girl child custody to Father 

71. SUPREME COURT OF INDIA : Dated 28 April, 2005

Habeas Corpus dismissed in Custody Appeal 

72. SUPREME COURT OF INDIA : Dated  21 November, 2006

Custody to reMarried women 

73. MADRAS HIGH COURT : Dated 25 January, 2006

Habeas Corpus on Custody to Father 

74. MADRAS HIGH COURT : Dated 6 February, 2006

Habeas Corpus for Custody on Death 

75. KERALA HIGH COURT : Dated  December, 2010

NBW cannot be issued for non payment of maintenance 

76. CENTRAL INFORMATION COMMISSION

CIC – Income Tax Details of FIL are public 

77. UTTARANCHAl HIGH COURT : Dated  17 March, 2011

HC Quash Maintenance 

78. MUMBAI HIGH COURT :Dated  13 September, 1995

No multiple maintenance claims

79. SUPREME COURT OF INDIA : Dated  9 October, 1985

Magistrate can grant interim maintenance ?

81. SUPREME COURT OF INDIA : Dated  16 February, 2000

Habeas Corpus in Custody 

82. MADRAS HIGH COURT : Dated  27 March, 2007

Habeas Corpus in Divorce / Custody Petition 

83.SUPREME COURT OF INDIA : Dated  17 October, 1974

Separate income of the wife can be taken into account in determining the amount of maintenance payable to her 

84. DELHI HIGH COURT : Dated  31 January, 2003

HMA moveable property can not be termed as Income 

85. DELHI HIGH COURT : Dated  18 September, 2008

Maintenance On Actual Earnings

 

86. DELHI HIGH COURT : Dated  30 September, 2008

Parents can kickout their Children

 

87. DELHI HIGH COURT : Dated  28 March, 2000

Liability of maintenance of children is co-extensive

 

88. GUJRAT HIGH COURT : Dated on 21 October 2010

No Multiple maintenance 

89. DELHI HIGH COURT : Dated  12 October, 2009

DV can be filed anywhere 

90. MADRAS HIGH COURT : Dated  28 October, 2010

Magistrate should not blindly call all family members as respondents 

91. DELHI HIGH COURT : Dated  4 October, 2010

DVA only against who are in domestic relationship

92. DELHI HIGH COURT : Dated  20 September, 2010

How to decide domestic relationship in DVA 

93. DELHI HIGH COURT : Dated  8 February, 2010

Frivolous petition claiming damages dismissed 

94. DELHI HIGH COURT : Dated  7 January, 2010

Maintenance, Women fined, Contempt of Court 

95. ANDHRA HIGH COURT : Dated  15 November, 1995

Maintenance to illegitimate Child ? 

96. CENTRAL INFORMATION COMMISSION

RTI – Husband can get Wife PF details

97. ANDHRA HIGH COURT : Dated  31 March, 1989

Maintenance arrears for 1 year only ! 

98. SUPREME COURT OF INDIA : Dated  6 December, 2005

Fine for forcibly taking away Child 

99. MADRAS HIGH COURT : Dated  28 February, 2007

Family Court Jurisdiction

100. SUPREME COURT OF INDIA : Dated  2 March 2000

Wife is not entitled to maintenance who has deserted her husband,

101. SUPREME COURT OF INDIA : Dated  03 December 2009

No Maintenance If Wife Lies 

102. SUPREME COURT OF INDIA : Dated  28 April 2009

Take EMI Into Cosideration in Maintenance 

103. HIGH COURT OF STATE OF PUNJAB AND HARYANA AT CHANDIGARH : Dated 13 March 2009

No alimony to Women who desert her husband 

104. SUPREME COURT OF INDIA : Dated 23 February, 2009

Interim maint increase illegal as no income proof produced 

105. SUPREME COURT OF INDIA : Dated 20 July, 2010

Interim maint amt shuld be based on status of both part 

106. CHATTISGARAH HIGH COURT : Dated 15 February, 2004

No maintenance for a deserting wife 

107. RAJASTHAN HIGH COURT: Dated 22 January, 1999

No maintenance for a deserting wife 

108. BOMBAY HIGH COURT : Dated 26 February, 2010

Interim maintenance cannot be increased based on husband’s salary hike.

109. GUJARAT HIGH COURT : Dated 9 February, 2011

Childrens has to maintain parents. 

110. SUPREME COURT OF INDIA : Dated 20 July 2011

Meaning of unable to maintain 

111. SUPREME COURT OF INDIA : Dated 27 November 2007

Unable to maintain herself in Maintenance 

112. DISTRICT & SESSION JUDGE DELHI : Dated 28th August 2010

Landmark Judgement for DV Case

113. CHENNAI HIGH COURT : Dated 26th August 2010

Perjury Case 

114. ALLAHABAD HIGH COURT : Dated 19 January, 2010

Wife fined 10,000/- in Perjury case but Husband fighting for further action!! 

115. DELHI HIGH COURT : Dated 18 August, 2010

Every allegations do not justify initiation of prosecution under 340 CRPC 

116. KARNATAKA HIGH COURT : Dated 15 March, 2001

Petition under CrPC 340 must be decided only at the end 

117. ALLAHABAD HIGH COURT : Dated 09 Janurary 2003

Perjury application must be decided first before proceeding with the case 

118. SUPREME COURT OF INDIA : Dated 14 November, 1994

No one should indulge in immoral acts like perjury, prevarication and motivated falsehoods : 2 weeks Jail 

119. GUJARAT HIGH COURT  : Dated 18 August, 2010

Petitioner aggreed for perjury – Gujrat HC told to deposit 25K as probable fine 

120. SUPREME COURT OF INDIA : Dated 1 December, 2010SC judgement in CrPC 340 wrt Chartered Accountants Act

Qualified wife can’t sit idle and claim maintenance: Bombay High Court 24 Jan 2015

IN THE FAMILY COURT MUMBAI AT BANDRA

PETITION NO. E­ 119 OF 2013

Firdos Mohd. Shoeb Khan .. Petitioner Vs.

Mohd.Shoeb Mohd.Salim Khan .. Respondent

ORDER BELOW EXH.27

1. This is an application moved by petitioner­Firdoz Mohd. For grant of maintenance from her husband Mohd.Shoeb, during the pendency of petition for grant of maintenance u/s 125 of Cr.P.C. It is submitted by the petitioner that at the time of Nikah Meher amount of Rs.14 lakhs was fixed, yet said amount was not paid by the respondent. Throughout their cohabitation at the matrimonial house the respondent and his family members had illtreated her, harassed her physically and mentally for bringing less dowry. The respondent and his family members had demanded more Rs.50 lakh as dowry and gold ornaments, Mercedes Benz Car etc. from her parents. Due to demand of dowry the petitioner was forced to live separately from April 2011, since then she is residing with her parents. She has no source of income and she is totally depend upon the mercy of her parents. The respondent is capable to pay maintenance to her but he has neglected and refused to pay maintenance.

2. The respondent is a successful businessman, his family is business family. The respondent alongwith his family members was doing business not only in India but also in Dubai and other countries. They are running their business jointly and earning the income more than Rs.15 lakh per month. The respondent and family members were having property at Mumbai, Bangalore, Dubai and other places. The respondent is having six companies, 20 bank

2 E­ 119 OF 2013

accounts at Mumbai, Dubai and Bangalore. His younger brother is working at London, his two siblings are in family business. The respondent is travelling abroad for garment business work. Considering the status of her husband she prayed for grant of maintenance @ Rs.2 lakhs per month.

3. The respondent has filed his reply below Exh.29. According to him, the petitioner­wife is not entitled to get maintenance as she is not legally wedded wife. The marriage between petitioner and respondent was dissolved by way of Talaq on 7.09.2014. Secondly, the petitioner is well qualified having good experience and good income therefore, she is not entitled for grant of maintenance. The petitioner has given false address before this Court, actually all earlier communication was made on the address of ancil Tower, New Mill Road, Kurla.

4. The petitioner is living luxurious life, she has huge investment including over rs.1 crores worth of gold and diamond jewellery hidden in separate locker. She is flying international destination at least thrice every year for 15 to 30 days. The petitioner is graduate and working independently in a prime institute likely Nair hospital, Larsen & Tubro etc. Presently she is practicing as a dietitian. Her income is not less than Rs.50,000/­­per month. She is having sufficient means from her own source, on that count also she is not entitled for grant of maintenance hence, respondent prayed for rejection of application.

5. Heard learned counsel for petitioner and respondent. It is argued by the learned counsel for respondent that on 7.9.2014 their marital tie was dissolved as he had given talaq to her therefore, petitioner has lost the status of wife and being divorcee Muslim wife she is not entitled to get maintenance from the respondent. The Mohd. Law is drastically changed in a recent era. Now a days a Muslim woman who is divorcee or who obtained divorce from her husband is entitled to get maintenance from her husband till she gets

3 E­ 119 OF 2013

remarried. Apart from this, Section 125 of Cr.P.C., itself has given defination of ‘wife’ which includes divorcee wife. Section 125 explanation (b) read as under :(b) “wife” includes a woman who has been divorced by, or has obtained a divorce from, her husband and has not remarried.”

6. The above clause clearly shows that the wife though divorcee is entitled to get maintenance from her husband and divorcee wife is included by Legislature in the defination of wife for the purpose of maintenance. The Law in respect of maintenance of Muslim wife is day by day changing. First time in the case of Shabana Banoo Vs. Inbram Khan, reported in I (2010) D.M.C. 37, (SC), the Hon’ble Supreme Court has held that the Muslim Divorcee wife is entitled to get maintenance from her husband.

7. While dealing with the case of Parveen Rao Vs. State of Utterakhand and another, reported in I (2013) D.M.C., 743, the Hon’ble Utterakhand High Court in para No.12 held that,

In view of proposition of law laid down in aforesaid precedent, it is abundantly clear that the Muslim woman cannot be forced to claim maintenance under the Act only. She is well entitled to claim maintenance u/s 125 of Cr.P.C. irrespective of fact whether she has been divorced or not provided she has not remarried herself.
8. In the anvil of above legal position it is clear that the Muslim woman who is either divorcee or who obtained divorce entitled to get maintenance till her remarriage. In such circumstances the story brought by respondent that on 7.09.2014 talaq took place between them does not affect the right of petitioner to claim maintenance. The story brought by the respondent that on 7.9.2014 he had given talaq to her is the subject matter of evidence and it can be proved during the course of proceeding but at this stage, the status of respondent cannot be denied. She is having status of wife

What precautions can an Indian man take to save himself from a false 498a et al after an arranged marriage?

Here are a few points I can offer – 

Before marriage:
1. Don’t go for an immediate marriage. Plan the wedding dates at least after 6 months, so that you get a full chance of understanding the girl and the family. Make some or the other excuse and somehow avoid get married too soon.
2. Try to get the engagement and wedding done on consecutive days so that you don’t have any early commitments which can be used against you?
3. Talk to the girl as much as you can before marriage. Try to get the girl speak more instead of you talking. Make her feel comfortable and show that you want to listen to her. Unknowingly, she will tell you everything about her and her family including any danger signs.
4. If she threatens you or fights with you often before marriage, then this is a clear sign of what will happen next. Don’t be hesitant to call off the marriage if you think that you cannot handle it. If things are not working before, then how can they work afterwards?
5. Pay careful attention to all the questions the girl asks. Don’t reveal any important information like your money, property etc. If she asks too many questions related to money, then this is a danger sign.
6. Finally try to find out if your conversations are being overheard or if the girl discusses all your conversations with her parents or relatives. That is another sign of danger.

After marriage:
1. If you get any threats, then get some recording devices, both audio/video and record each and everything.
2. Don’t react out of temper. You will be provoked to abuse and then victimized. Try to understand that it a plot to frame you.
3. Consult some genuine lawyers. Many lawyers will try to rip you off, but after a few attempts, you will get some good ones. Prepare yourself for an immediate bail in case of an arrest.
4. Try to conceal your financial details as much as you can. Don’t just blindly reveal everything, assuming she is your wife and won’t harm you.

How to get more facebook likes?

How to get more facebook likes?

Embed Widgets on Your Website

Select from a number of the new Facebook Social Plugins and place them on your website and blog. TheFan Box widget is now the Like Box and it works well todisplay your current fan page stream and a selection of fans– see screenshot below with Whole Foods Market Facebook Like Box. I would recommend adding a title above the box encouraging visitors to your site/blog to click the “Like” button (which makes them a Facebook fan).

Get Fans to Tag Photos

If you host live events, be sure to take plenty of photos(or even hire a professional photographer),load the photos to your fan page and encourage fans to tag themselves. This, again, pushes out into their wall and friends’ News Feeds, providing valuable (free!) exposure. And, a picture says a thousand words – we notice the thumbnails in our feed more than text.

Make a Compelling Video and embed in blogs

Develop extremely engaging video content (funny, thought stimulating, etc). If you don’t have the creativity to come up with “viral content” that people will share, take some of the top viral videos on youtube and other sites and compile them into one with segments from each (make sure you aren’t violating copyright laws).

At the end of each video, prompt the viewer to become a fan and explain to them how to mouse over the top of the video (as pictured above).

Share the video and encourage others to share the video as well.

Run a Contest /Events Via Facebook Groups

Link to Twitter

Use the Share Button

Use the @ Tag

International workers and social security regulations in India

The movement of employees across countries has been a growing trend in recent years with increasing multinational presence of companies.

Planning taxation or social security compliances in more than one country, triggered by the presence of cross-border employees, has been a constant challenge for companies.

Social security (primarily provident fund and pension) was not mandatory for cross-border employees coming into India until 2008.

The concept of International worker (IW) was introduced in India for the first time in October 2008 and social security contributions were made mandatory for IWs in India.

A foreign national (non-Indian passport holder) coming to India will qualify as an IW if he or she is coming to work in an establishment covered by Indian social security provisions.

An Indian national will qualify as an IW if he/she has worked or is going to work in a country with which India has a Social Security Agreement (SSA) and is eligible to avail its benefits.

For an IW who has divided time between countries, there could be a requirement to contribute to social security in both the home and host country. SSAs are bilateral agreements which help in avoiding such double contributions.

The SSA gained prominence from 2008 when social security was made mandatory in India for IWs. As of December, SSAs with eight countries are in force — Belgium, Germany, Switzerland, Denmark, Luxembourg, France, Netherlands and Korea. SSAs with Hungary, Norway and the Czech Republic are signed but not yet operational.

SSA mainly provides for:
– Detachment
A cross-border worker who is contributing to home country social security and goes to work in another country with which there is an SSA for a specified period as prescribed in the SSA can become a “detached worker/excluded worker” by obtaining a “certificate of coverage” from the home country.

– Totalisation of benefits
SSAs give cognizance to the period of service rendered by an employee in a foreign country to be counted in determining the eligibility for benefits.

An IW is permitted to withdraw social security contributions only on attaining the retirement age of 58 years or as per provisions of the SSA. This is a huge concern for IWs as their social security contributions get locked for a long period of time.

As per the SSA between India and Republic of Korea, which came into force in November, it has been provided that IWs from Korea need not wait until 58 to withdraw social security contributions. Subject to fulfilment of prescribed conditions as applicable to Indian nationals, early withdrawal is permitted. The expectation is other countries would also consider this and renegotiate or amend SSAs to provide for early withdrawal.

Social security regulations relating to cross-border workers in India has been a highly debated topic in recent years. In the future, we can expect social security regulations to be more evolved and SSAs with more countries to come into effect.

Free Local Business Listing Sites in India

Listing sites for general markets

URL PR  Score 
http://www.surfindia.com/  4  4.25
http://www.justdial.com/  6  4
http://www.submitshop.com/  4  4
http://www.indianyellowpages.com/  5  3.75
http://www.99localsearch.com/  1  3.75
http://www.businesslinedirectory.com/  4  3.5
http://indiacom.com/  5  3.25
http://www.yalwa.in/  4  3.25
http://indiacatalog.com/  3  3.25
http://www.vcsdata.com/  2  3.25
http://in.ezilon.com/  5  3
http://yellowpages.webindia123.com/  5  3
http://www.cylex.in/  4  3
http://www.websofindia.com/  3  3
http://www.a4add.com  3  3
http://www.expressbusinessdirectory.com/India-business-directory-C51/6  0  3
http://businesswithindia.in/  5  2.75
http://www.startlocal.in/  4  2.75
http://local.saanj.net/  3  2.75
http://in.enrollbusiness.com/  0  2.75
http://dir.samachar.com/  2.75
http://www.bizzduniya.com/  5  2.5
http://www.indiafocus.in/  4  2.5
http://www.beeznesshive.com/  2  2.5
http://aaspaas.com/  2  2.5
http://www.yellowpages99.com/  1  2.5
http://www.innobit.co.in/business-directory  1  2.5
http://www.zoomyellowpages.com/  0  2.5
http://www.my-india.net/dir/  3  2.25
http://www.ebharatbase.com/  3  2.25
http://www.123khoj.com/  2  2.25
http://www.mysheriff.co.in/  2  2.25
http://www.thelinkindia.com/  2  2.25
http://www.goodlinksindia.in/  1  2.25
http://addyp.com/  0  2.25
http://www.onepageprofile.com/  2  2
http://searchingindia.in/  4  1.75
http://www.vanik.com/  3  1.75
http://www.calicutnet.com/variety/dir/  2  1.75
http://a1bizdirectory.com  1.75
http://vcpe.in/  0  1.75
http://www.trade2source.com/  4  1.5
http://www.business-india.in/  2  1.5
http://www.bindia.com/bd/subhead/index.asp  2  1.5
http://seolistsite.com/  1  1.5
http://www.businesslistingindia.com/  0  1.5
http://directory.mandsauronline.com/  0  1.25
http://www.indiaonestop.com/classified%20index.htm  5  1

Listing sites for niche markets

URL PR Niche Score 
http://www.indiamart.com/  6Products  5
http://www.eindiabusiness.com/  5Products and Services  4
http://whereincity.com/yellow-pages/  4Service providers and traders  4
http://www.exportersindia.com/  5Exporters, importers. Manufacturers and service providers  3.75
http://www.indianindustry.com/  5Manufacturers, exporters and wholesalers  3.75
http://biz.prlog.org/  5Products and services  3.75
http://www.dialusindia.com/index.php  0Automobiles, real estate, doctors, fashion, restaurants, mobile, movies, hotels, gifts, travel, jewelry, logistics  3.5
http://www.askme.comProducts, services and companies  3.5
http://www.infoline.in/  2Hotel, cafeteria, restaurant, shopping mall, multiplex, travel agent, florist, salon  3.25
http://www.indiantradecenter.com/index.phpBuyers and sellers  3
http://gidonline.com/  4Business based in Gujurat  2.75
http://www.maharashtradirectory.com/  4Businesses based in Maharashtra  2.75
http://biz.indiaonline.in/Index.html  3Hotel, restaurant,NGO/social and business  2.75
http://www.indianexporters.com/  5Manufacturers and exporters  2.75
http://indiabizclub.com/  4Manufacturers, retailers and suppliers  2.75
http://www.dealerdice.com/  1Products and services  2.75
http://exportersindia.net/  3Buyers and sellers, manufacturers, exporters, importers  2.5
http://www.indiabusinessportal.com/  4Products and services  2,25
http://www.indiaontrade.com  1Traders, exporters, suppliers and manufacturers  2,25
http://www.barodadirect.com/  2Business based in Gujurat  2
http://www.my-kerala.com/dir/  3Business based in Kerala  2
http://bestonlineshoppingsitesindia.com/  0E-commerce  2
http://www.eximdata.com/  3Exporters, importers. Manufacturers and dealers  2
http://www.serviceindia.com/  0Pune based businesses  2
http://indiarefer.com/  2business, shopping, suppliers, manufacturers  1.75
http://altaindia.com/  2exporters, importers. Trading houses, service providers  1.75
http://www.vibrantdirectory.com/directory.php  1Gujurat Industries  1.75
http://www.clickblue.in/  0Products and services  1.75
http://scientificdealers.com/  4Sciendtific instrument manufacturers and suppliers  1.75
http://www.my-telugu.com/dir/  3Businesses based in Andhra Pradesh  1.5
http://directories-today.com/  5Exporters, importers. Manufacturers and suppliers  1.5
http://indiamaal.com/  3Exporters, importers. Manufacturers and suppliers  1.5
http://www.kothrud.in/  0Kothrud, Pune based businesses  1.5
http://fayda.co.in/  0Movies. Events, hotels, resorts, restaurants, pubs, logistics, real estate  1.5
http://indiarubberdirectory.com/  2Rubber product manufacturers  1.5
http://indiabusinessenquiry.com/  1Product and services  1.25
http://www.maharashtrabusinesspages.com/  2Businesses based in Maharashtra  1

Customs Duties (Import Duty and Export Tax):

Import Procedures Previous Page
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For clearance of import goods, the importer or his agents have to undertake the following formalities:-

Bill of Entry

It is a document certifying that the goods of specified description and value are entering into the country from abroad.

If the goods are cleared through the (Electronic Data Interchange) EDI system no formal Bill of Entry is filed as it is generated in the computer system, but the importer is required to file a cargo declaration having prescribed particulars required for processing of the entry for customs clearance.

The Bill of entry, where filed, is to be submitted in a set, different copies meant for different purposes and also given different colour schemes. Bill of Entry are of three types :-

Bill of Entry for home consumption: is to be submitted when the imported goods are to be cleared on payment of full duty for consumption of the goods in India. It is white colored.

Bill of Entry for Warehouses : is to be submitted when the imported goods are not required immediately by the importer but here they are to be stored in a warehouse without payment of duty under a bond and cleared later when required on payment of duty.

Bill of Entry for Ex-Bond Clearance : is used for clearing goods from the warehouse on payment of duty. The goods are classified and valued at the time of clearance from the Customs Port. Value and classification are not determined on such Bill of Entry.

In the non-EDI system along with the bill of entry filed by the importer or his representative the following documents are also generally required:-
Signed invoice

Packing list

Bill of Lading or Delivery Order/Airway Bill

GATT declaration form duly filled in

Importers declaration

License wherever necessary

Letter of Credit/Bank Draft/wherever necessary

Insurance document

Import license

Industrial License, if required

Test report in case of chemicals

Adhoc exemption order

DEEC Book/DEPB in original

Catalogue, technical write up, literature in case of machineries, spares or chemicals as may be applicable

Separately split up value of spares, components machineries

Certificate of Origin, if preferential rate of duty is claimed

No Commission declaration

Green Channel facility

Some major importers have been given the green channel clearance facility. It means clearance of goods is done without routine examination of the goods. They have to make a declaration in the declaration form at the time of filing of bill of entry. The appraisement is done as per normal procedure except that there would be no physical examination of the goods. Only marks and number are to be checked in such cases. However, in rare cases, if there are specific doubts regarding description or quantity of the goods, physical examination may be ordered.

Do you know where your Aadhaar has been used?

Do you know you can find out when and where your Aadhaar card was used for authentication? Since Aadhaar is used for authentication to avail of several services, you might be worried about its misuse. The website of the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), the body that manages Aadhaar, has the provision of checking where and when your Aadhaar was used. 

Follow these steps to know when and where your Aadhaar was used:

  1. Go to Aadhaar authentication hi .

    https://resident.uidai.gov.in/notification-aadhaar 

    2. Enter your Aadhaar number and the security code in the picture. 

    3. Click on ‘Generate OTP’. 

    4. You will receive an OTP on your mobile phone. Make sure you had verified your number with the UIDAI website. 
     

5. You will see options to choose the period of information and the number of transactions. Write your OTP and click on ‘Submit’. 

6. You will see date, time and type of all Aadhaar authentication requests made in the period you had chosen. However, the page won’t show who made the requests. 

If you find something suspicious, you can even lock your Aadhaar information online and unlock it whenever you want to use it. And while you are figuring that out, don’t forget .. 

Aadhar Authentication

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